By and large, Southern state tax systems are regressive, which means that people who are living below the poverty level pay the largest share of their household income in taxes. Florida has the most regressive tax system in the South. This is due to a history of decisions that have shifted and solidified an outsized tax responsibility onto households with low to moderate income, who are disproportionately Floridians of color. Early 20th-century public decisions to turn away from tax policy based on a person’s ability to pay and toward a tax code that benefits wealthy and predominantly white residents have inhibited Floridians’ prosperity and exacerbated income and race inequity well into the 21st century.
Image Description: Florida State Capitol